Radda in Chianti - Siena
Radda in Chianti (SI)
 
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RADDA IN CHIANTI
Located in the heart of the Chianti hills, Radda has maintained its charm intact from time immemorial. In the 50's its land and farmhouses were abandoned, but with its rediscovery in the 70's the old terraced olive groves and vineyards which by this time had fallen into disuse gave way to more intensive and extensive farming. Consequently the resumption of activity by the numerous large and small Agricultural Aziendas of the area, which fall within Chianti Classico boundaries along with top-quality wine and olive oil production famous even abroad, in recent years new artisans and small industries - particularly in the construction, furniture, ceramic and terra cotta sectors - have begun to make a name for themselves. Further development of the Agritourism sector and an increase in accomodation facilities has gone hand in hand with the increase in tourism.
Radda in Chianti (SI) Tuscany - Italy
HISTORICAL OUTLlNE
Radda's origins go back to 2000 BC when the first hiuman settlement was established at Poggio alla Croce, where remains of the ancient village and archeological finds have been brought to light in recent years. The Etruscan settlements wich followed left only a few traces, which are visable today as the foundations of some farmhouses and in clay pottery. In the V century AD when the Roman Empire fell due to the invasion of the Barbarians, Chianti consisted of small villages made up of 5 0 6 houses, whose name ring tru today: Radda, Monterinaldi, Volpaia, Castelvecchi , Albola. In IX-X AD and the beginning of the fedual area, fortification of Chianti began under Count Guidi and the Marchesi of Toscana: Radda became populated and started to grow. ln 1100 Radda was the largest and most important in the area, also due to its central position and the vast area it could control.
Tuscany - Radda in Chianti
From the birth of Municipalities through 1500 Radda was in the middle of warring between Siena and Florence for the establishment of their boundaries. Beginning in the middle of the XIII century, when the Republic of Florence organized its people into "Legues", Chianti became one of the mayor ones, and Radda became the seat of Podestà. The sixth century has been described as that of the Chianti, in that it became known for its wine, which was already being exported to England in the mid '500. In the same are the farms and villas called of the lords who came to Chianti to pass their summers in the country were built, among others Strozzi and Pazzi familes of Florence.
MONUMENTS AND ITINERARIES
Today the fortified part of Radda encompasses within its walls the incact medieval village including the Podestà Palce built in '400 with its fifth century fresco belonging to the Fiorentine school. The Coats of arms on the exterior walls of the palace date from '400 to '700. Across from the town hall is the Church of S. Niccolò with the wooden crucifix from the 1500's; and of notable are the Castle's Square, the Medieval Passageway, the Grand Duke's Ice house, and the fortified walk. Nearby is the Franciscan Convent of S.Maria in Prato whose history goes back to the Medieval age, was rebuilt '700 and houses the "Madonna col Bambino" of Neri di Bicci dated 1474; the medieval village of Volpaia with its unsual religious structure, the church of S.Eufrosino called "La Commenda" ( 1443); the Castles of Albola e Monterinaldi; the village of Badia Montemuro called "La Badiaccia".
Radda in Chianti, Tuscany
A significant symbol of the religious organization is rapresented by the Pieve of S.Maria Novella, which altough remodeled inside last century, retains its original design as evidenced by the rich Roman capitals; of interest, the batptismal font with maiolica tiles of the school of della Robbia. The town of Radda is at an altirude of 530 m., extends over 80 square chilometers and has 1600 inhabitants.

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